Evening in paradise

Our literature teacher, Pat, told us to make groups and analyze the poem “Evening in Paradise. I worked with Eugenia Kenny, Sol Bernusi, Trinidad Torrendell, Victoria Quiroga, Felicitas Donato, Eugenia Kenny and Gason Posse.

Characteristics of metaphysical poets

Dramatic manner and direct tone of speech
Blend of passion and thought
Fusion of passionate feelings and logical arguments
Usage of satire and irony
Uses paradoxes

He shows how satan is not to blame. He writes the poem in such a way in order to make you love Satan. He is so good that you will alime.

2.
Paradise Lost is about Adam and Eve, how they came to be created and how they came to lose their place in the Garden of Eden, also called Paradise. It’s the same story you find in the first pages of Genesis, expanded by Milton into a very long, detailed, narrative poem. It also includes the story of the origin of Satan. Originally, he was called Lucifer, an angel in heaven who led his followers in a war against God, and was ultimately sent with them to hell. Thirst for revenge led him to cause man’s downfall by turning into a serpent and tempting Eve to eat the forbidden fruit.

3.
The poem starts describing an evening in which as usual every minute is more quiet and darker, all animals are asleep except for the wakeful nightingale with is singing. The writer ;describes the evening as similar to paradise and the day as the time to work. That way paradise is achieved if you work hard when you are alive.

4. An analogy is a literary device that helps to establish a relationship based on similarities between two concepts or ideas. By using an analogy we can convey a new idea by using the blueprint of an old one as a basis for understanding. With a mental linkage between the two, one can create understanding regarding the new concept in a simple and succinct manner.

Epiphany is an “Aha!” moment. As a literary device, epiphany (pronounced ih-pif–uh-nee) is the moment when a character is suddenly struck with a life-changing realization which changes the rest of the story.

Often, an epiphany begins with a small, everyday occurrence or experience.

Here is an analysis of the poem !

Last Virtual Period

Task: In it, you have to do some research on the development of the railway network in Argentina (as influenced by the English) in the 1800. Provide also a map of the network at the time. (You can/should establish a comparison with the network nowadays and/or with the network in England in the 1800).

The importance of foreign capital in the construction of the Argentine railways is perhaps overstated with initial construction of the network beginning in 1855 at first with Argentine finance, which continued throughout the network’s development. The Buenos Aires Western, Great Western and Great Southern railways (today the part of the San Martín, Sarmiento and Roca railways respectively) were all commenced using Argentine capital with the Buenos Aires Western Railway being the first to open its doors in the country, along with its Del Parque railway station.

Following the adoption of liberal economic policies by president Bartolomé Mitre, these railways were sold off to foreign private interests, consisting of mostly British companies, in what would be the first of many acts were the ideological climate of the time would define the fate of the Argentine railways. These sales also included Argentina’s first railway, the Buenos Aires Western (by now 1,014 km long), which was sold in 1890 to the British company New Western Railway of Buenos Aires for just over 8.1 million pounds (close to £500 million in 2005 money This sale, and others that came after it, was heavily criticised at the time for being far lower than the actual value of the railway, and prompted many anti-British protests.

In the years that followed, there were numerous cases of undervalued sales to British investors, including the 1,000 km (620 mi) long Andean Railway, which provoked much anti-British sentiment in the country. By 1910 the network had been monopolised by British companies, owned by large finance firms such as J.S. Morgan & Co. in London. Nevertheless, major development of the Argentine rail network occurred up to this period and the Argentine state also played a large role, financing ferrocarriles de fomento (development railways) in rural areas not attractive to private interests, while the Argentine State Railway had a 9,690 km (6,020 mi) network.

By 1914, the Argentine rail network attained significant growth having added 30,000 km  to the network between 1895 and 1914,which positioned the country as having the tenth largest rail network in the world in that year, at a point where the country had the tenth highest per-capita GDP in the world. Its expansion accelerated greatly due to the need for the transport of agricultural products and cattle in Buenos Aires Province. The rail network converged on the city of Buenos Aires and was a key component in the development of the Argentine economy as it rose to be a leading export country. However, with the advent of the First World War, then subsequently the Wall Street Crash and Great Depression, the rail network of the country experienced a much lower rate of growth after this period and had mostly ground to a halt by the beginning of the Second World War.

Railway Network by 1800:

Resultado de imagen para Railway Network 1800 in argentina

Railway Network today:

Resultado de imagen para Railway Network in argentina now

 

Ensayo sobre los cuentos de Juan Rulfo

Trabajo práctico para presentar el 17/11 (fecha límite 18/11):

Escribir un ensayo argumentativo en el cual se justifique la relación de los cuentos de El llano en llamas, de Juan Rulfo, con la narrativa característica de los autores del boom latinoamericano.

  • Presentar al menos 3 argumentos.
  • Utilizar citas pertinentes.
  • Analizar ambos cuentos leídos en clase.

 

Juan Rulfo fue uno de los grandes escritores latinoamericanos del siglo xx. En sus obras se presenta una combinación de realidad y fantasía cuya acción se desarrolla en escenarios rurales y pos-revolucionarios de México. Sus personajes representan y reflejan grandes problemas socio-culturales enhebradas con un mundo quimérico. La obra de Rulfo marcan el fin de la novela revolucionaria, lo que permitió las experimentaciones narrativas, como son los casos de los escritores pertenecientes al boom latinoamericano. En los textos de Rulfo llamados; “Nos han dado la tierra” y “La noche que lo dejaron solo” podemos identificar varias características  sobre latinoamerica describidas durante el boom latinoamericano.

Una de las características mas importantes que se ven reflejados en los textos de Juan Rulfo es la economía. Esta característica no esta presentada como una favorable en ninguno de los dos cuentos.  En “la noche que lo dejaron solo” la economia se ve reflejada en las siguientes citas: “Se recostó en el tronco de un árbol”, “Feliciano Ruelas espero todavia un rato a que se le calmara el bullicio que sentía cosquillearle el estomago”. En estas citas se ve reflejada la pobreza y la condiciones de vida que tenían. Digo esto ya que no tenían lugar para dormir ni nada para comer. A su vez, en el texto llamado “Nos han dado la tierra” la economía esta representada de la misma manera ya que el gobierno reparte las tierras que ni siquiera estaban en condiciones de ser trabajadas. “Pero el no nos quiso oir”. Esta cita hace referencia a la marginacion y a la inferioridad social en la que los 4 protagonistas se encontaraban, es asi que ni siquiera los escuchaba.

Por otro lado, otra de las características mas relevantes es la naturaleza y el rol que tiene en ambos textos. En el cuento “La noche que lo dejaron sólo” Juan describe a las llanuras y su vinculo con el clima, diciendo que el clima dependia en base a la posicion en la que uno se encuentre. A su vez, en el  texto llamado “Nos han dado la tierra”, La naturaleza sigue teniendo un rol importante. Esta se ve reflejada como un lugar aislado, despejado y solitario. Ademas tiene un rol protagónico ya que tiene una fuerza y un poder amplio. “Cae una gota de agua, grande, gorda, haciendo un agujero en la tierra y dejando una plasta como la de un salivazo”. Esta cita demuestra el semejante poder que la naturaleza tiene ya que es capaz de agujerear el piso.

Por último, la política en estos dos textos es muy injusta. En el texto “Nos han dado la tierra” Rulfo critica la política desde principio a fin. Es asi que ya en el titulo del texto utiliza ironía diciendo que el gobierno le había dado un pedazo de tierra mientras que todos sabemos que esa tierra no se podía trabajar ya que no estaba en condiciones. Por otro lado, en el texto “La noche que lo dejaron solo” Rulfo critica la politica latinoamericana a lo largo del cuento cuando tratan de escapar de una supuesta guerra mexicana en la cual dos bandos pelean y los tíos del protagonista son secuestrados.

En conclusion, los cuentos de El llano en llamas, de Juan Rulfo, se pueden relacionar como parte del boom latinoamericano ya que al igual que otros autores de esa época, tratan de describir las caracteristicas de latinoamérica en distintos aspectos.

Virtual Period: Marie Antoinette

History virtual period: Finish watching the movie “Marie Antoinette”, by Sofia Coppola.

Then, answer the following questions and post them in your blogs:

  1. Marie Antoinette is sometimes referred to as “The Teenage Queen”. What attitudes in the movie can show that?
  2. After her first child is born she shows many changes in her attitude and lifestyle. How? Provide examples. Why do you think that happens?
  3. Some historians have often suggested that Marie Antoinette’s behaviour helped encourage agitation in the people at the beginning of the Revolution. Can you find any instances in the movie that confirm or deny this claim?
  4. Towards the end of the movie, we see a more mature woman. How does she show she has somehow stopped being “The Teenage Queen”?

Answers: 

1- She was refered to as the “Teenage queen” because of her attitude and her portrayal of being a teenager. I say this because of all the things she does such us organising parties and being all the time doing what she wants. Also we can say that she was a very inmature person due to the fact that she would be the future queen and she wasn´t acting like that.

2- We can say that her attitude in some way had changed but also she continued going to parties. Her first change was moving to the farm, it was a good decision. Also we get to know that this changes was also because of her first child, who turned her into a more mature person. Also another change was that she moved to another house, a country house, where she told her child about nature and took care about her. She felt more responsible.

3- Yes, I agree with this because she spent a lot of time and money in clothes and jewelry and I think that this is a clear example of people´s agitation.

4- During all the movie, she experienced and passed through the different stages of maturity. The fianl step of this process is done in the last scene of the movie when she decides to stay with her husband no matter what could happened to them. This was an important decision she took and also it symbolyses her changed into a more mature person and stopped thinking and prioritizing the way she was dressed and started worring about the important things.

 

Actividad de Lengua

Consigna:

  1. Leer atentamente el primer capítulo de la novela de García Marquez El coronel no tiene quien le escriba. Para hoy tenían que tener el libro (SIN FALTA). Pero, por las dudas, les dejo un PDF: el_coro. Tengan en cuenta que la novela empieza con la siguiente cita: “El coronel destapó el tarro del café y comprobó que no había más de una
    cucharadita”.

2. Resolver las siguientes consignas:

A. Describir al personaje principal.

B. Dar cuenta del contexto en el que transcurre el relato.  Considerar dos cuestiones:

  • El tiempo (octubre)
  • La coyuntura política.Relacionar con el boom latinoamericano. Proponer citas pertinentes.

C. Explicar la siguiente cita : “ya tomé -mintió el coronel-. Todavía quedaba una cucharada grande”.

D. ¿Cuál es la “mascota” del coronel?

E. ¿Quién era Agustín?

Respuestas:

a–El personaje principal es un hombre mayor llamado Coronel. Está casado con una mujer que sufre ataques de asma y tenía un hijo que se llamaba Agustín que había fallecido.

b– “el único dirigente de su partido que escapó a la persecución política”

“era octubre un mes en que el coronel se sentía enfermo aunque no lo estuviera, la melancolía le jugaba en contra”.

c– Esta cita nos trata de decir que el coronel y su mujer son bastante humildes ya que el Coronel le mintio y le dio la ultima cucharada a su mujer sin que se diera cuenta que en realidad el no habia tomado nada.

d– La mascota de Coronel era un gallo de pelea.

e– Agustin es el hijo Difunto del protagonista de esta historia llamado Coronel.